Max Weber - Max Weber The Work Max Weberconceived of...

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Max Weber The Work Max Weberconceived of sociology as a comprehensive science of social action. Inhis analytical focus on individual human actors he differed from many ofhis predecessors whose sociology was conceived in social-structuralterms. Spencer concentrated on the evolution of the body social as analogous to an organism. Durkheim's central concern was withinstitutional arrangements that maintain the cohesion of socialstructures. Marx's vision of society was informed by his preoccupationwith the conflicts between social classes within changing socialstructures and productive relations. In contrast, Weber's primary focuswas on the subjective meanings that human actors attach to their actionsin their mutual orientations within specific social-historical contexts. Behavior devoid of such meaning, Weber argued, falls outside thepurview of sociology. Four major types of social action are distinguished in Weber'ssociology. Men may engage in purposeful or goal-oriented rationalaction ( zweckrational ); their rational action may bevalue- oriented ( wertrational ); they may acto from emotional oraffective motivations; or, finally, they may engage in traditionalaction. Purposeful rationality, in which both goal and means
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Max Weber - Max Weber The Work Max Weberconceived of...

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