chapter 8 review

chapter 8 review - Lecture 7 Chapter 8 How Cells Make ATP A...

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Lecture 7 – Chapter 8: How Cells Make ATP A. Cellular Respiration plants convert CO 2 compounds back into CO 2 the catabolic processes that convert the energy stored in ATP then occur inside cells 2 B. Aerobic Respiration Glucose + O 2 → CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 + 6 H 2 O → 6 CO 2 + 12 H 2 O + energy (3638 ATP) Involved the cell can obtain the most energy from NADH Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol 1 molecule of glucose is degraded to 2 molecules of pyruvate Net C 6 H 12 O 6 + 2 ATP + 2 ADP + 2P i + 2 NAD + → 2 pyruvate + 4 ATP + 2 NADH + H 2 O Energy Investment Phase phosphorylation reaction a phosphate group is transferred from ATP to the sugar Glucose + 2 ATP → 2 G3P + 2 ADP Energy Capture Phase substratelevel phosphorylation – ATP forms when a phosphate group is transferred to ADP from a phosphorylated intermediate 2 G3P + 2 NAD + + 4 ADP → 2 pyruvate + 2 NADH + 4 ATP Acetyl CoA Formation takes place in the mitochondria
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The acetyl groups each combine with coenzyme A, producing 2 molecules of acetyl CoA; 1
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chapter 8 review - Lecture 7 Chapter 8 How Cells Make ATP A...

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