Politics and the Welfare State

Politics and the Welfare State - Politics and the Welfare...

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Politics and the Welfare State You need to distinguish between the two main types of welfare benefits; universal and selective. UNIVERSAL SELECTIVE Universal benefits are provided to all regardless of a claimant’s financial status. One example is child benefit, which is paid out to all families with children regardless of income and wealth. Selective benefits are provided on the basis of a claimant’s income and circumstance. An example of a selective benefit is the Child Tax Credit. Welfare benefits and services are usually provided by the state, but an increasing range of services are also provided by the third sector, and private firms. The STATE The THIRD SECTOR The PRIVATE SECTOR The government provides both selective and universal benefits via the welfare state The third sector consists of charities and not-for-profit organisations; such as the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust. Private hospitals are sometimes used to treat NHS patients. The government also works
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