Sociological Perspectives

Sociological Perspectives - Sociological Perspectives. 1....

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Sociological Perspectives. 1. So far we have discussed some of the basic ideas underpinning sociological analyses of social organisation and behaviour. These will be developed and applied in much greater depth as the course develops. At this point, however, I want to introduce the idea that although sociologists generally agree about a number of basic aspects of human behaviour (in particular, the idea that it is learned), there are numerous differences between sociologists over the interpretation and significance of this basic idea. 2. It is important, therefore, the understand that not all sociologists agree about how society is defined or how it can be studied. The link between the work we’ve done and the idea of sociological perspectives is that of values; the arguments that exist within Sociology are largely based on the values that sociologists use to help them in their work. These values are usually clearly stated so that the reader knows exactly what a particular sociologist thinks about the basic nature of social life. 3. Generally, we can identify three very broad categories of sociological values (sometimes called "sociological perspectives" or "ways of seeing the social world"). You should keep in mind the fact that this is only a very brief and simplified introduction to the idea of different perspectives. a. Functionalism: 1. This group of sociologists sees society as being like a living person. Just as all the different organs in a human body (heart, brain, lungs, etc.) work together in harmony, so all the different parts of society (work, government, education, religion etc.) are seen to work together in
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Sociological Perspectives - Sociological Perspectives. 1....

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