Sociological Theory

Sociological Theory - Sociological Theory: Crime and...

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Sociological Theory: Crime and Deviance If, following Paul Rock's characterisation, we can loosely define a "theory" as: "A set of linked, explanatory or descriptive statements that are pitched at a fairly abstract and general level", it is evident that, in relation to crime and deviance, the sociological literature is littered with theories that claim to explain - either specifically or very generally - the nature and origins of criminal behaviour. As I've noted, the intention, here, is to review some of the main theoretical explanations produced by sociologists working within a variety of different perspectives (over the past 150 years or so) in order to: a. Provide you with a theoretical background / context to the study of crime / deviance b. Provide a sense of historical development and continuity (in the sense that "theories" do not suddenly develop, fully-fledged, without reference to any work that has been developed before). In the way in which various theoretical positions are elaborated here, a number of points should be noted: 1. A theoretical position is rarely explicitly stated by a sociologist 2. Theories are rarely "complete in themselves"
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Sociological Theory - Sociological Theory: Crime and...

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