Sociology may be defined as the study of society

Sociology may be defined as the study of society -...

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“Sociology may be defined as the study of society; that is of the web of human interactions and relationships”. b. Sugarman (“Sociology”, 1968): “Sociology is the objective study of human behaviour in so far as it is affected by the fact that people live in groups”. c. Giner (“Sociology”, 1972): “The purpose of Sociology is the scientific study of human society through the investigation of people’s social behaviour”. d. Ritzer (“Sociology”, 1979): “Sociology is the study of individuals in a social setting that includes groups, organisations, cultures and societies. Sociologists study the interrelationships between individuals, organisations, cultures and societies”. e. Giddens (“Sociology”, 1989): “Sociology is the study of human social life, groups and societies. It is a dazzling and compelling enterprise, having as its subject matter our own behaviour as social beings. The scope of sociology is extremely wide, ranging from the analysis of passing encounters between individuals in the street up to the investigation of world-wide social processes”. f. Lawson and Garrod (“The Complete A-Z Sociology Handbook”, 1996): “Sociology is the study of individuals in groups in a systematic way, which grew out of the search for understanding associated with the industrial and scientific revolutions of the 18 th and 19 th centuries”. 3. I have deliberately provided a relatively large number of possible definitions to enable you to get some initial flavour of the subject matter of Sociology. * In addition, you should be able to identify the common themes in each definition that will help us to focus our attention more directly on the question “What is Sociology?” Identify the major common themes in the above definitions. 4. In the above definitions there are two basic themes we can identify and investigate further:
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Introduction What Is Sociology? a. What sociologists study * Sociology is the study of the social world. It involves studying human beings and their patterns of behaviour. In order to do this, we focus on the way people form relationships and how these relationships, considered in their totality, are represented by the concept of a society ”. * In this respect, the focus of the sociologist’s attention is group behaviour. That is, the effect that the groups people join or are born into (family, work, education and so forth) have upon people’s social behaviour. b. How sociologists study the social world. * The definitions included words like “ scientific ”, “ systematic ” and objective ” - ideas that tell us something about the both the way sociologists study social behaviour and the kind of knowledge they are trying to produce about social life. While we will develop these ideas in much greater detail in another part of the course (“Theory and Methods”), we need to note a couple of things about them now. a.
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Sociology may be defined as the study of society -...

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