The Chicago School of Human Ecology

The Chicago School of Human Ecology - The Chicago School of...

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The Chicago School of Human Ecology Ecological theories of deviance developed primarily out of the work of the "Chicago School" of Human Ecology - a group of criminologists / human ecologists working together (spookily enough) at the University of Chicago in the 1920's and 1930's. A particular focus of general concern, here, was the effect of industrialisation on people's behaviour, both in relation to the work of Ferdinand Tonnies and, of course, Emile Durkheim . Tonnies work on Gemeinschaft (a concept he used to theorise the nature of social relationships in small-scale, "community-type" (particularly rural) areas and Gesellschaft (a concept he used to theorise the nature of social relationships in larger-scale, "association-type" (particularly urban) areas, was particularly influential with the Chicago School ecologists. Durkheim’s ideas about the way informal social bonds tended to be weakened once societies began to develop in both size and number of social relationships they contained was similarly influential. However, aside from the above, one of the main original influences in the early
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The Chicago School of Human Ecology - The Chicago School of...

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