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Unformatted text preview: The development of the world system 9. In the last section I discussed four aspects of the development of capitalism: ideology, the system of production, the system of exchange, and the system of transport and communication, through which capitalism became a world system and the world system became capitalist. In this lecture I want to say more about the last of these, the development of the world system. 10. The main problem in the development of a world system in the pre-industrial period was transport, which was very poor and very expensive. At that time three main transport technologies were available. People could walk, people could use animals, either for riding or for pulling carts, and people could use boats, either on rivers or on the sea. Until the development of the railways in the 19th century, the last of these was by far the cheapest, and for international transport of heavy goods over long distances it still is. Walking is slow. Animals are a bit faster, but they are also much more expensive. Animals can move large loads if the roads are good, but if the roads are bad carts are not expensive....
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10