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Unformatted text preview: The type of crime committed is an important factor: The working class, for example, tend to be involved in crimes that are highly visible (crimes of violence, for example). In situations where there are clear victims and little attempt to hide criminal behaviour (for whatever reason), it follows that detection / arrest and conviction rates are likely to be higher. Crimes such as fraud, insider dealing and so forth tend to be much less visible to the police, general public and so forth. Since the police do not routinely involve themselves in companies, offices and so forth, greater opportunity exists for this type of crime. In this respect, the policing of these types of middle / upper class crimes is much more difficult - policing is reactive (that is, responding to a report of crime) rather than overly- active (policing an area where crime is likely to occur). Finally, many forms of middle-class crime may not be defined as crimes at all. These include many forms of petty theft (making personal phone-calls at work, using the company's photocopier for personal work and so forth), as well as more-complex and serious forms of crime. Computer crime, for example, tends to be underestimated in crime statistics because, even when it is detected, a company may prefer to sack the...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10