Romanovs And Revolution7

Romanovs And Revolution7 - democratic concessions,...

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Romanovs And Revolutions Pulling the trigger on the revolution — and the crowd There were a series of large-scale strikes going on in St. Petersburg, leading to a lack of electricity and newspapers. On 9 January, a peaceful protest, led by an Orthodox priest (and Okhranka double agent) named Gapon, marched on the winter palace. Cavalry opened fire, there were stampedes and hundreds of people died. Nicholas II was out of the city, but it permanently damaged his reputation. Strikes, riots and terrorism broke out all over Russia. There was a mutiny on The Battleship Potemkin , where the officers were murdered and the crew sailed the ship to Romania. The famous "Odessa Steps" sequence shown in the famous movie of the same name commissioned by the USSR in 1925 (celebrating its 20th anniversary) did not actually happen . In Moscow and St. Petersburg, workers soviets (the word "soviet" literally means council in Russian) were set up. The government bought off the liberals with the October Manifesto - which granted some
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Unformatted text preview: democratic concessions, including the establishmennt of an elected legislature (the Duma) - and the peasants via cancelling mortage repayments (redemption fees) which had caused them problems, which distracted everyone long enough to send in the army to destroy the soviets. If the opponents of the tsar thought the autocracy was weakened by these concessions, they were in for a disappointment. Almost immediately after the October Manifesto was promulgated, the Tsar passed the Fundamental Laws - which basically eliminated the legislative powers of the Duma by giving the Tsar and his cronies on the State Council a veto - and negotiated a substantial loan from the French that secured the regime financially. So, some changes had been made, but not enough yet to threaten Tsar Nick's supreme position too badly. The revolutionaries. .. were pretty much nowhere to be found. Only Trotsky played a noticeable role in the whole thing....
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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