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The Fifti18 - African American artists and he had the...

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The Fifties Everything was censored. You had the Hays Code (although the Miracle Decision in 1952, which gave film First Amendment protection at last, undermined its necessity) you had the Comics Code , and if you lived in the South, your TV and movies were also censored to remove non-stereotypical black characters. If you were a TV producer, there would be very strong Executive Meddling to ensure that your heroes were white and that blacks would only be shown as stereotypes or villains, and then only if absolutely necessary. Better to make everyone white. (Keeping in mind that light-skinned Hispanics, such as Desi Arnaz , were counted as "white" at this point.) You could also show American Indians, Asians other than 'Japs' and certain other ethnic groups as brave and honest, but you'd be best to have them played by whiter ethnic actors, say Italians or Scotsmen. * A major exception of the time was Ed Sullivan , he appreciated
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Unformatted text preview: African American artists and he had the ratings clout to feature them on his show and to tell the bigots pressuring him to stop where to stick it. Popular hobbies for men and boys included woodworking and woodburning, shortwave and amateur radio, model building, and stamp and coin collecting. Women weren't supposed to have hobbies that didn't directly benefit the family. A woman could sew or knit because her husband or children could wear what she made, but a woman who wasted her husband's money and neglected her family for a 'useless' hobby like painting or crafting was regarded as selfish. Some lingering quasi-exceptions were embroidery and "samplers", which were often of no practical use whatsoever but were considered a nice feminine detail for a home. Some women embroidered everything , from pillowcases to dishtowels, and books of embroidery and sampler patterns were quite popular....
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