The Space Race Some points about the actual Spanish Inquisition: • The auto de fe was actually only a public penance of heretics and didn't actually feature torture or burning at the stake as commonly depicted — the last part came later on. However, the two were seen as the same process. • Historians now estimate that of all trials only two percent may have actually ended with execution. A study of the timeframe 1540 to 1700 found documents for 44,674 cases with roughly 1500 death sentences. Furthermore as trials tended to be lengthy and wardens poor a surprising number of the sentenced managed to flee the country and so the sentences resulted in 826 executions in persona, i.e. burning the heretic, and 778 in effigie, i.e. burning a strawman because the convict was unavailable. Estimates for the total number of executions in persona range between 1000 and 1500. • They didn't really burn books and the stuff that was on their banned list was still widely available. Most Golden Age authors ran into them at least once.
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Pope John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Holy office, actual Spanish Inquisition, Golden Age authors