Tsarist RussiaThe 17th century was an age of riots and turmoil, and is still known to Russian historians as the Buntashny vek(The Age of Rebellions). The most notable rebellion of this century was one of Stepan Razin, an adventurous Cossackpiratewho tried to topple the throne of the tsars. The early 18th century was the time of the tsar Peter The Great, who was obsessed with transforming Russia into an European power and later replaced the "tsar" title with "Emperor" (but the word "tsar" remained in unofficial usage). Russia was westernized, Western customs and noble titles were introduced. Peter the Great dismissed the Boyar class and made the Dvoryans into the only nobles of the realm, introducing the Table of Ranks, a legal mechanism that allowed lower-class people to achieve nobility by military or civil service. Since then, the word "Dvoryanin" was the only word for "noble" in Russia. After Peter's death, the Age of Palace Revolutions came into being. The succession law
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Russian Empire, Peter I of Russia, early 18th Century, succession law, adventurous Cossack pirate