healthpolicybrief_disparities - 1 health policy brief...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 health policy brief Health Policy Brief october 6, 2011 2011 Project HOPE The People-to-People Health Foundation Inc. 10.1377/hpb2011.16 Achieving Equity in Health. Racial and ethnic minorities face worse health and health care disparitiesbut some interventions have made a difference. whats the issue? Americas racial and ethnic minorities have worse health than whites do, and they often receive a lesser standard of health care. People who have limited education or income or who live in poor neighborhoods have worse health and health care compared to those who are better educated or financially better off. Peo- ple with disabilities are also in worse health, and receive worse health care, compared to people without disabilities. Narrowing these disparities in health and health care has been the goal of many public and private efforts since the early 1990s. Al- though some progress has been madepar- ticularly in closing the quality gap in the care that minorities and whites receivemuch more remains to be done. The multiple causes of health and health care disparities are complex, and some are only beginning to be explored deeply. This policy brief summarizes what is known about health and health care disparities, discusses recent efforts to close the gaps, and enumer- ates some policy recommendations for making further progress. whats the background? Racial and ethnic minorities represent about one-third of the US population and, accord- ing to the latest Census Bureau projections, will become the majority of the population by 2042. It has long been known that these minorities face health disparities , in that their health is worse overall than the health of white Americans. A separate but related issue is that they also experience disparities in the health care they receive. higher mortality rates: As an example of health disparities , according to the National Center for Health Statistics, the age-adjusted death rate for blacks has been sharply higher than for whites for decades and was almost 29 percent higher in 2007. Whats more, infant mortality among black infants has been more than twice that of white infants and was 130 percent higher in 2006. Minorities as a whole have a higher preva- lence of diabetes, stroke, and other largely pre- ventable diseases and conditions than their white counterparts. And in 2007, the age-ad- justed death rate from breast cancer was 31.4 deaths per every 100,000 black women, versus 22.2 breast cancer deaths for every 100,000 for white womena 41 percent higher rate. Health care disparities have proved persis- tent as well. African Americans, for example, are three times more likely to die from heart disease compared to whites. A recent US gov- ernment report showed that since 2007, in- patient care for people with heart failure has actually grown worse for Hispanics or Latinos, Native Americans, and Alaska Natives. These 2 health policy brief achieving equity in health...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course PADP 8610 taught by Professor Ferig during the Fall '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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healthpolicybrief_disparities - 1 health policy brief...

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