Midterm study guide

Midterm study guide - Ant 2 Midterm 1. Anthropology is...

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Ant 2 Midterm 1. Anthropology is holistic- more in-depth. Holistic: what’s unique. Anthropology is holistic because we see all the dimensions that are integrated within people and culture (i.e. religion, economy, etc. .) It looks at the whole and not the parts. It recognizes the integration of different dimensions of humans, not any specific categories. An anthropologist must know the economic impacts, religion, and politics of the people and world. It is the comparative study of humanity- compares what humans do within different cultures, the way people live and how they interpret things. 2. a. Physical- Human evolution and the study of primates b. Linguistic- focuses o social use of communication as a cultural tool. c. Archaeological- studies, uncovers, and documents records of human history. d. Cultural- comparative study of living populations. Emerged as a brand of anthropology in the 19 th century. 3. Ethnography- study of ethnic groups. “An ethnography”- writing descriptions on ethnic groups. 4. Participant observation- research strategy of creating an intimate relationship with a group of people through involvement. (Living with the people in their environment for a few years). a. Involves learning the language, working with the family, participating in customs and activities. b. Ex.) Christmas in the Kalahari c. Ex.) Star Trek: Exemplifies methods of cultural Ant. Shows the ideas, politics, policies of 1960’s, when Anthropologist’s job was to seek out, observe and record new civilizations. d. Research also conducted through interviews. Cultural Relativism- An idea, moral philosophy. You have to be able to see things from other people’s perspectives. You have to try to understand from the larger cultural context, without judgments. (You acknowledge why they do certain things and accept it). 5. Culture is learned because it encompasses all learned behavior. It isn’t determined by nature or biology. Culture is learned, therefore it is shared. i.e.) people in America believe it is wrong to eat dog People in Korea eat dog So, people in America share the value that eating dog is wrong While people in Korea share the value that eating dog is okay Two different cultures learned different cultural values A symbol is a sign whose form does not directly indicate its meaning. Symbols are arbitrary, but once learned , symbols become necessary for interpreting everyday life and culture.
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6. Ethnocentrism is the belief or assumption of the superiority of your own culture. Cultural Relativism is when you try to understand from a larger cultural context without judgment. Cultural Relativism’s strengths: on the surface, it’s a good idea because you are accepting and not judging others. Weaknesses: if taken literally it makes it impossible to value or make ethical judgments about culture. It can be too accepting, making excuses for everything and anything. i.e. Nazi: emerged from cultural context (from Germany), in a way it
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANT 002 taught by Professor Smith during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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Midterm study guide - Ant 2 Midterm 1. Anthropology is...

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