sodatax - United States Department of Agriculture Economic...

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United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Economic Research Report Number 100 July 2010 Travis A. Smith, Biing-Hwan Lin, and Jonq-Ying Lee Taxing Caloric Sweetened Beverages Potential Effects on Beverage Consumption, Calorie Intake, and Obesity
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w . e r s u d a.govo Visit Our Website To Learn More! The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and, where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Cover photo credit: Getty Images, photodisc, food and dining, volume 12. www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/ DietQuality/ For more ERS research and analysis on food economics, see: Recommended citation format for this publication: Smith, Travis A., Biing-Hwan Lin, and Jonq-Ying Lee. Taxing Caloric Sweetened Beverages: Potential Effects on Beverage Consumption, Calorie Intake, and Obesity, ERR-100 , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, July 2010.
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United States Department of Agriculture www.ers.usda.gov A Report from the Economic Research Service Travis A. Smith, tsmith@ers.usda.gov Biing-Hwan Lin, blin@ers.usda.gov Jonq-Ying Lee, jonqying@ufl .edu Taxing Caloric Sweetened Beverages: Potential Effects on Beverage Consumption, Calorie Intake, and Obesity Economic Research Report Number 100 July 2010 Abstract The link between high U.S. obesity rates and the overconsumption of added sugars, largely from sodas and fruit drinks, has prompted public calls for a tax on caloric sweet- ened beverages. Faced with such a tax, consumers may reduce consumption of these sweetened beverages and substitute nontaxed beverages, such as bottled water, juice, and milk. This study estimated that a tax-induced 20-percent price increase on caloric sweet- ened beverages could cause an average reduction of 37 calories per day, or 3.8 pounds of body weight over a year, for adults and an average of 43 calories per day, or 4.5 pounds over a year, for children. Given these reductions in calorie consumption, results show an estimated decline in adult overweight prevalence (66.9 to 62.4 percent) and obesity prev- alence (33.4 to 30.4 percent), as well as the child at-risk-for-overweight prevalence (32.3 to 27.0 percent) and the overweight prevalence (16.6 to 13.7 percent). Actual impacts would depend on many factors, including how the tax is refl ected in consumer prices and the competitive strategies of beverage manufacturers and food retailers.
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sodatax - United States Department of Agriculture Economic...

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