Sorting out Fads from Facts, SOF 2010-1

Sorting out Fads from Facts, SOF 2010-1 - Food Fads, Facts,...

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Food Fads, Facts, and Politics How to Sort Them Out
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What’s the harm in food fads? False sense of security - Bigger risks ignored (BPA vs Obesity, GMO vs Hunger Health Risk and Death - Peru stops chlorination, 11,000 cholera deaths -DDT could prevent 3-6 million deaths/year Counter-productive Actions - Mercury- Limited risk, but reduced consumption of all fish by everyone - Listeria- expensive regulations that do little to decrease # of illnesses -Environmental damage: packaging vs. additives, erosion instead of GMO’s
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Disease % with dietary component x Deaths = # deaths dietary coronary 30 700,000 230,000 cancer 25 41,000 10,000 stroke 10 167,000 16,700 total 65 ~ 900,000 256,700 256,000 / 900,000 x 100 = 28% of deaths from diet 6=
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1 ounce = 28 grams 28,000 milligrams (mg) 28,000,000 micrograms (ug) 1 μ g = 0.000000037 ounce μ μ g/kg =1 ppb = 0.00000074 ounce/pound ( Regulatory Units = Scientific Units
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“The dose dose makes the poison.” Dose Dose = concentration x intake The #1 Rule of Toxicology: The #1 Rule of Toxicology: Prevalence does not = hazard (#/100,000,does not give concentration) Occurrence does not = hazard (only that something happened) X % greater than permissible level does not = hazard (permissible level = 100 x no effect level. “No permissible dose” also misleading.)
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Patulin Data Analysis Without regulation All age groups 90% of population consumes < 0.22 ug/kg bw/day
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Sorting out Fads from Facts, SOF 2010-1 - Food Fads, Facts,...

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