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Regulations Other Initiatives Public Health Initiatives Angela Fertig Spring 2010 Angela Fertig Public Health Initiatives
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Regulations Other Initiatives Public Health Initiatives Last time, we talked about: I advertising bans I excise taxes This time, other regulations and interventions for influencing individual behaviors. Angela Fertig Public Health Initiatives
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Regulations Other Initiatives Minimum Legal Drinking Age I early 1970s: many states lowered MLDA from 21 to 18, 19, or 20 I alcohol-related traffic accidents rose among young drivers I late 1970s-early 1980s: states raised MLDA back up I 1984 Uniform Drinking Age Act – federal government threatened federal highway funds if states did not go to MLDA 21 by 1988 Angela Fertig Public Health Initiatives
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Regulations Other Initiatives Effects of MLDA laws Higher MLDA: I reduces traffic accidents I reduces alcohol consumption among minors, especially women (why do you think?) I increases marijuana use, substitute of alcohol I Do you believe this? I reduces suicide rate I reduces risky sexual behavior among adolescents (multiple partners, unprotected) I reduces rates of STDs I improve birth outcomes (I’m studying this now) Angela Fertig Public Health Initiatives
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Regulations Other Initiatives Blood alcohol content laws I BAC laws set limits on BAC among drivers I mid-1980s: some states instituted a lower youth BAC I
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