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Chapter+1+-+theory+posted - Intro to Sociology Theory and...

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Intro to Sociology Theory and Methods
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Chapter 1 – PART I Sociology:  Theory  and Method
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What is sociology?
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What Is Sociology? Sociology is the scientific study of human  social life, groups, and societies. Sociology shows us that aspects of life we  consider natural or take for granted are  influenced by social and historical forces. Sociology is a discipline that insists on  studying people within their social context.  4
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What Is Sociology?  emerged as an attempt to  understand social changes in  human societies over the past 2-3  centuries industrialized systems 
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Scope of Sociology Romantic love, marriage  & sexuality
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Scope of Sociology poverty, education,  immigration, gender,  punishment, elections,  environment , family,   economic development,   and population  development
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Most of us experience society in only a limited  way We know our families,  we are familiar with some politics (mostly those  that affect us or our families in some way), We know the culture in which we were raised, We are familiar with the idea that there are people  and customs that exist in our society and  internationally that differ from our own. Sociology challenges us to leave the familiar  behind and to delve into the inner workings of  our society
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Demonstrates that we need to take a broader  look at why we are as we are And why we act as we do. It teaches us that what we often take for  granted in society i.e. what is natural, good, or even inevitable Is strongly influenced by historical and social  forces. In the words of Giddens, Duneier, Applebaum,  and Carr “understanding the subtle yet  complex ways in which our individual lives  reflect the contents of our social experience Sociology
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A personal trouble, which clearly affects the  individual also a societal issue, because in the United  States, over half of all marriages end in  divorce. Thus, even though we are all influenced by  our own social contexts, None of us are determined by those contexts  in our own behavior Instead, we create our own individuality. Divorce
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C. Wright Mills Allows us to see that many events that seem to  concern only individuals actually also reflect  global concerns. Mills further defines the sociological  imagination by breaking it into two  categories: Personal troubles Societal issues The sociological imagination
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Is also about constructing meaning. Every action is symbolic and every 
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course 202 202 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter+1+-+theory+posted - Intro to Sociology Theory and...

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