February4Lecture - Eras in Indian Relations 1887-1934...

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2-4-08 - Eras in Indian Relations 1887-1934: Allotment Era o Since Indians weren't going to vanish, needed to civilize them o Reservations had been formed Not made to be permanent, but as a "way station" on the way to civilization Tribes instead continued old traditions, didn't convert to the "mainstream" civilization o General Allotment Act of 1887 Reservation land divided into individual parcels & held in trust (160 acres) 100 million acres of "surplus" reservation land opened to non-Native settlement Known as "160 acres and a mule", wanted to make Indians into farmers and assimilate them $.30 to $1.50 per acre were given to Indians § Money put in a "civilization fund", not given to Indians directly Some lands weren't allotted still (Seminoles, Cherokee, etc.) Reformists wanted to transform Indians into US citizens § Some of them were even natives themselves, not a strictly white vs. Indian issue o Turn of the century BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) issued allotments § Told Congress allotment wasn't working §
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  • Spring '08
  • weiner
  • Native Americans in the United States, Indian reservation, indian affairs, General Allotment Act, Gave Indians government

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