17th cent England

17th cent England - Morales Comprehensive Timeline : 17th...

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Morales Comprehensive Timeline : 17 th Century England 1609 King James I’s declaration of the Divine Right of Kings wrote the A Trew Law of Free Monarchies: Or the Reciprock and Mutual Duetie Betwixt a Free King, and his Naturall Subjects (c.1597). The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth God's representatives, if not gods themselves First, that you do not meddle with the main points of government; that is my craft . . . to meddle with that were to lesson me . . . I must not be taught my office. accountable to no one but God only 1628 The Petition of Right The king demanded an end to billeting troops in private homes and trials by martial law. declared arbitrary taxation and imprisonment as illegal. taxes can be levied only by Parliament martial law may not be imposed in time of peace no freeman should be imprisoned except by the law of the land (habeus corpus) 1629-1640 The Eleven Years Tyranny (The Personal Rule) Charles I rules without parliament. Charles I decided that he had a divine right to rule and did not need anyone’s help introduced high taxation, bringing in Ship Money which was a tax on maritime towns, but it did not bring in enough money so he brought in taxes to inland towns as well. There was no real opposition to Charles during this very bleak time, but he undoubtedly sowed the seeds of discontent which then led to the English Civil War. He was entitled to do this under the Royal Prerogative , but his actions caused discontent among those who provided the ruling classes o Royal Prerogative is the term given to the formal powers of the Crown within the executive process of British politics. The Royal Prerogative are the powers of the Crown and are part of common law The Personal Rule began to unravel in 1637 , when Charles, along with his adviser Archbishop Laud, attempted to reform the Presbyterian Church in Scotland to bring it into line with the Anglican Church. o This met with immense Scottish opposition, and when negotiations broke down, a Scottish army invaded England. o re-established Parliament in 1640 but only to try and force through reforms which he felt were unpopular and he did not wish to be associated as the sole owner of these ideas. o 1640 : called the Long Parliament in order to finance his war in Scotland. tried to impeach some of Charles' cronies and went on to abolish the high courts of the Star Chamber and the High Commission.
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Morales o Charles could not afford to pay English troops to fight the Scots, and was obliged in 1640 to call the Short Parliament, an action that ended the Personal Rule, though Charles dissolved the Short Parliament after only a few days o In the months that followed, the Parliamentary leaders, turning their attention to domestic matters, demanded ever more sweeping concessions from Charles over government policy. In 1642, Charles left London in order to raise an army and regain control by force, and the English Civil War began
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course SCHOLARS 1111 taught by Professor Mason during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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17th cent England - Morales Comprehensive Timeline : 17th...

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