Absolutism vs Constiutionalism chart

Absolutism vs Constiutionalism chart - Who Where Absolutism...

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Absolutism vs Constitutionalism ABSOLUTISM CONSTITUTIONALISM Who? Where? Louis XIV- epitome of absolutism in France Others include: Peter the Great and Catherine the Great- Russia Frederick the Great - Prussia Henry VIII and Elizabeth I - England William and Mary- English Bill of Rights came about under them in England A confederation of strong Dutch provinces served as the Dutch republic Also in England, Cromwell’s Protectorate established by the military Overall Philosophy The sovereign holds all legitimate power and should never be actively resisted because he was given absolute authority by God. Monarchs could make laws, levy taxes, administer justice, control the administrative system, and determine foreign policy. The monarchs could not be held accountable for their actions, meaning for the sake of national security they could not be expected to observe the rights and liberties of their subjects. Constitutionalism is centered on the idea of a balance between governmental authority and citizens’ rights. An actual law takes the place or monarchical decrees, and this law is set out in a written or unwritten constitution; Constitutional governments may be either republics or monarchies, Constitutional government isn’t pure democracy because not everyone is a part o the governing process Political Structure The monarch has an orderly and efficient bureaucracy where all power and directives flow downward from the monarch. The power of any other groups or traditional institutions is suppressed, especially the power of the nobility as a class CONSEQUENCES: consolidation of power with the monarch rise of state power unification of the state laws The Executive branch of constitutional government holds the highest political office, which can be president, prime minister, and even monarch; The legislative branch is often a form of Parliament with some power and control of the monarch due to power of the purse. Often, there is no judiciary, at least not in the way we conceive of a court. In some cases, there was a cabinet system which helped in communications with Parliament. Economic System Mercantilist policies enriched the economy, thus resulting in prosperous citizens, higher tax revenues, and funds for military and war. By exporting more goods than imports, gold and silver will flowed into the country. The government established colonies, gaining raw materials and selling finished goods back to the colonies. The government issued high external tariffs to keep competing goods from other nations out and raise money for the government. Absolute government is costly and usually requires heavy taxation for support. The fishing industry was a cornerstone of the economy of the Dutch republic. Also, the East India company brought great profits for the Dutch, while simultaneously cutting into Portugal’s trading economy. Religion
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Absolutism vs Constiutionalism chart - Who Where Absolutism...

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