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Annotated 15 literary terms

Annotated 15 literary terms - Morales 15 Annotated Glossary...

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Morales 15 Annotated Glossary Literary Terms 1. Symbolism : An image that evokes an objective, concrete reality and prompts that reality to suggest another level of meaning. Example : “The planes were decorated with flamboyant squadron emblems illustrating such laudable ideals as Courage, Might, Justice, Truth, Liberty, Love, Honor and Patriotism that were painted out at once by Milo's mechanics with a double coat of flat white and replaced in garish purple with the stenciled name M & M ENTERPRISES, FINE FRUITS AND PRODUCE” (Heller, Catch-22, 24.253). Function : Milo symbolizes capitalist greed. Milo is willing to sacrifice important moral and venerable values for the sake of commerce and profit. He does not care if he betrays his own country, men, and duty in order to maximize his revenues. He has no qualms about attacking his own base with its airplanes or raising the price of mess hall staples so that everyone must empty their wallets to eat. The fact that he has a position of rank in every country in which he trades might indicate that money is the only thing worshipped universally. 2. Flashback : A device by which a work presents material occurring prior to the opening scene. Example : “[Yossarian] was cold, and he thought of Snowden, who had never been his pal but was a vaguely familiar kid who was badly wounded and freezing to death in the gunport of the B-25 plane. Yossarian’s stomach turned over when his eyes first beheld the macabre scene” (Heller, Catch-22, 41.436). Function : After being shot and finished with his surgery, Yossarian thinks of Snowden, leading to a sudden transition to the tail of the B-25, where Yossarian is attempting to keep Snowden alive as he is dying. In general, the novel does not flow in chronological order, but instead involves frequent flashbacks. Sound confusing? That's the idea – so is war. The first
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Morales part concentrates on the narrative present, the second part on the scene of the Great Big Siege of Bologna, the third part returns to the present, the fourth part centers on the actions of Milo, and finally on Yossarian's escape from the military. 3. Understatement (litote): A common figure of speech in which the literal sense of what is said falls detectably short of the magnitude of what is being conveyed (i.e. if someone asks you if you won the game, you might say “it was ok” but means “we lost”) . Example: Billy Pilgrim is held captive by the Germans and meets a hobo who only tells him, “This ain’t bad. This ain’t nothing at all” (Vonnegut, Slaughterhouse Five 70, 79). Function : Vonnegut uses humor, albeit sometimes grotesque and twisted, to emphasize at the absurdity of the situations. The hobo is unusually optimistic despite being stuck in a cramped train car, covered in feces, and dealt with inclement weather and starvation. Billy feels apathetic about the death because he believes in the futility of life.
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