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Annoted Glossary Literary Terms 1

Annoted Glossary Literary Terms 1 - Morales 15 Annotated...

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Morales 15 Annotated Glossary Literary Terms 1. Foil : any person who through contrast underscores the distinctive characteristics of another. Example : Ismene: “I do not defy them [holiest laws of heaven]; but I cannot act / Against the State. I am not strong enough.” Antigone: “Let that be your excuse, then. I will go / And heap a mound of earth over my brother.” ( Antigone , p.128 ) Function : In Sophocles’ play Antigone , Ismene is a foil of Antigone, her sister. Ismene is easygoing, soft-spoken, and willing to keep her place. Antigone, on the other hand, is headstrong, outspoken, and unwilling to keep her place. 2. Simile : A figure in which a similarity between two things is directly expressed with like or as Example : Gertrude:“These words like daggers enter in my ears./ No more, sweet Hamlet!" ( Hamlet , III.iv.108-9). Function : Hamlet expresses his frustration and anger to his mother Gertrude after he killed Polonius through harsh words: insults and verbal attacks about the depravity of the king and her foolishness and total neglect over her dead husband, his father. 3. Stichomythia: a technique in drama or poetry , in which alternating lines, or half-lines, are given to alternating characters, voices, or entities. Example: QUEEN: Hamlet, thou hast thy father much offended. HAMLET: Mother, you have my father much offended.
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Morales QUEEN: Come, come, you answer with an idle tongue. HAMLET: Go, go, you question with a wicked tongue. ( Hamlet , III. Iv. 12-15) Function : In Hamlet , in the Closet scene with Polonius’ murder, Hamlet is confronted by his mother, the queen, about the play (III, ii) which Hamlet rigged to expose his murderous step- uncle. Stichomythia is particularly well suited to sections of dramatic dialogue where two characters are in violent dispute. The rhythmic intensity of the alternating lines combined with quick, biting ripostes in the dialogue can be quite powerful. 4. Imagery : the forming of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things. It is also the use of language to represent actions, persons, objects, and ideas descriptively. This means encompassing the senses also, rather than just forming a mental picture. Example
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Annoted Glossary Literary Terms 1 - Morales 15 Annotated...

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