Cesare Beccaria(draft)

Cesare Beccaria(draft) - by Blake Leamy and Arich Morales...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cesare Beccaria by Blake Leamy and Arich Morales
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1738 – 1794 born into a wealthy aristocratic family  began his Jesuit education in Milan, Italy married Teresa di Blasco in 1761 Many of the philosophers, including Beccaria, during this  period were displeased with the tyrannical form of  government and sought to change policy through  enlightenment  Brief Bio
Background image of page 2
The political status of Italy in the beginning of the 18th century  was changing The Treaties of Utrecht and Rasatt opened new state relations  between Italy and the Austrian Habsburgs, Spanish Bourbons  and other states.  The Italian Enlightenment (Illuminismo) resulted from the new  relationship that Italy held with the rest of Europe. Political and Social Context
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The uniting factor among all Illuminismo thinkers was  their views of the backwardness of Italy in comparison to  the rest of Europe.  These strong views did not however result in violence,  mainly debates and discussions. 
Background image of page 4
Reform of Penal System  condemned the torture of suspects. was against secret accusations; must be made public Statute of limitations for most crimes, except for atrocities. purpose of a statute of limitations is to ensure that the possibility of  punishment for an act committed sufficiently long ago cannot give rise  to either a person's incarceration or the criminal justice system's  activation unless the crime is exceptionally heinous in nature. His Intentions
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Measure of crimes  focused on harm done  to society Innocent until proven 
Background image of page 6
studied the early philosophes during this period and their  influence would be evident in his later works Beccaria sought to change these excessive and cruel  punishments by applying the rationalist, social contract ideas  to crime and criminal justice. Charles-Louis Montesquieu challenged the idea that decisions  should be made to benefit the government instead of the public David Hume maintained that rational human beings were capable of  making choices that could be predicted  Illuminismo  ( Italian Enlightenment)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Jean Jacques Rosseau believed that liberty was possible only  where there was direct rule by the people as a whole in  lawmaking, where popular sovereignty was indivisible and  inalienable. Citizens must, in at least some circumstances, be  able to choose together the fundamental rules by which they  would live Italian Enlightenment
Background image of page 8
The state of European law in the eighteenth century  was chaotic: Laws were not always written down Court rulings and sentences were often arbitrary and unfair
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 27

Cesare Beccaria(draft) - by Blake Leamy and Arich Morales...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online