Hamlet official guide

Hamlet official guide - Morales 1 Literary Analysis DRAMA...

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Morales 1 Literary Analysis: DRAMA TITLE: Hamlet SUB-GENRE: Revenge Tragedy, Mystery AUTHOR: William Shakespeare PERIOD/SCHOOL: 1, Loyola HS THE AUTHOR AND HIS TIME: William Shakespeare, a playwright and actor, was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England in 1564 and died in 1616. His father was an important glove maker, so Shakespeare was fortunate to receive a free education at King's New School. Though Shakespeare left school when he was around fourteen, he was already proficient in Latin because schoolboys were expected to memorize and recite Latin texts. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582, but left his family behind around 1590 and moved to London, where he became the most popular playwright of the day as well as a part-owner of the Globe Theater. Despite the dearth of biographical information that has left many details of Shakespeare’s personal history shrouded in mystery, Shakespeare is widely regarded as the most influential writer in English literature. FORM, STRUCTURE, and PLOT: In form, Hamlet is a revenge tragedy in which a series of disastrous actions involving deception and malice eventually result in the protagonist’s demise. The tragic hero, Hamlet, who has been violently wronged and is justified in seeking revenge, vows revenge at an antagonist, Claudius. The hero ultimately attains "poetic justice," achieving a crucial mission at any cost; so in Hamlet’s case, at the cost of his own life, Hamlet killed Claudius as retribution for his father. In term of plots, many key characters have their own agendas that ultimately intertwine. Hamlet feigns madness while contemplating how to avenge his father feigning insanity. Claudius will do anything to preserve his power, even by eliminating threats like Hamlet. Once his father was killed, Laertes vowed to slay Hamlet. Polonius follows Machiavellian principles to get what he wants at any cost, even by manipulating his daughter Ophelia. Meanwhile, Fortinbras is
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Morales 2 patiently waiting to take over Denmark in his father’s names. All these complex plots ultimately result with the deaths of almost every character and Fortinbras reclaiming Denmark for Poland. In structure, the play is split into five acts with scenes to divide each act. There are a total of twenty scenes. And throughout the play, with exceptions of off-stage actions (the deaths of Ophelia, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern), the play follows a chronological order of events. The play begins with the death of King Hamlet, a startling ghost with an ominous and foreboding message on the premises, and guards protecting the castle Elsinore (I.i). Though the initial incident when the Ghost reveals the truth about King Hamlet’s death inspires Hamlet to plan revenge, such incentive is also Hamlet’s major conflict because Hamlet feels a responsibility to avenge his father’s murder. As the play progresses, Hamlet feigns madness to his purposes, stages the mousetrap play, and passes up the opportunity to kill Claudius while he is praying. Then at the play’s apex, Hamlet thrusts himself into unavoidable conflict with Claudius and
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Hamlet official guide - Morales 1 Literary Analysis DRAMA...

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