Napoleon: Traitor to the Revolution
“Liberté, Fraternité, Equalité” - this was the French Revolution's rallying cry, but did
Napoleon Bonaparte grant the people of France, as well as the rest of Europe, these ideals?
Indeed, he initially provided reforms that proved beneficial, but, ultimately, he betrayed the
revolution, as verified by his monarchical reign, foreign policies, and domestic reforms.
Despite his constitutions and reforms based on merit and quality, in practice, his reign
was essentially a monarch.
He took all decisions without consulting anyone and did not try to
impose a constitutional monarchy.
The constitution of 1802 had officially installed Napoleon as
a lifelong dictator, and he later crowned himself Emperor of France (
his reign, as if setting up a Napoleonic dynasty, he freely made his brothers, sisters, and son
monarchs of conquered European territories: Napoleon François-Joseph Charles became the king
of Rome, Louis, king of Holland; Jerome, king of Westphalia; Joseph, king of Spain; and
Caroline, queen of Naples (
Dowd 55). Overall, the revolutionaries’ hopes for establishing a