Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - 8.22.2011 Ms. Pamela Vinci Swatch book Place...

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8.22.2011 Ms. Pamela Vinci Swatch book Place them and number them in order today Final will be comprehensive especially for swatches Only email for emergencies. This week: Read and study chapter 1, scan chapter 2 Final: December 7, 2011, Wednesday, 12:30-2:30, in this classroom Chapter 1: Textile o A broad classification of materials o Cloth or fabric – same o Weaving and knitting Most common means of creating fabric Fibers o Textile fiber Basic unit of a textile Smallest part of a textile Untwisted ends of yarn = fiber o Natural or manufactured Exist in nature – natural Cotton Silk Created through technology o Basic requirements of fibers to be usful in textiles
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Must have a length 100 times its diameter (ASTM) Fineness, flexibility, strength, durability required for processing and end use o Specific properties vary and determine best end use Chemical, physical, mechanical Yarns o Yarn= an assembly of fibers twisted or held together in a continuous strand o Different fibers can make yarns look different o Different yarns of same fibers can make fabrics look different Length of fiber changes the look of yarn o Variations: Twist Long fibers can have a slight twist Shorter fibers must have more twists to be held together Combined yarns Made up of multiple yarns Special treatments Fabric structures o Yarns united to form a cohesive structure o Produced by Hand Machine o Variations are endless Coloring and finishing o Finish= a special treatment applied to a fiber, yarn, or fabric Why?
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To alter appearance To enhance performance To overcome undesirable properties o Like special finishes for wrinkles, to make water resistant, to add color o Adding color in the fabric stage is a finish The textile supply chain o International o Immense industrial complex Fiber>yarn>fabric>product>retail>consumer o Supply is driven by the consumer Natural fiber producers o Natural Animal source: protein Wool – Merino sheep Silk - Silkworm (caterpillar) Vegetable source – cellulosic Linen (flax) Cotton Mineral Asbestos (no longer used, carcinogen) o
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course HUEC 2040 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 1 - 8.22.2011 Ms. Pamela Vinci Swatch book Place...

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