Chapter_24

Chapter_24 - PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL FINISHES CHAPTER 24 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL FINISHES CHAPTER 24 1 PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL FINISHES **last step before selling it to the consumer** Finishes are applied to 1. enhance aesthetics 2. change appearance, hand, and/or texture 3. improve performance in resisting a challenge Examples: flames, dirt, moths, water 2 PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL FINISHES permanent finish durable finish/semidurable finish Dependent on how critical Fire-retardant treatment vs. softener Idustry says that item needs to last at least 50 washes nondurable finish For items not washed For temporary changes For aesthetics at POS renewable finish Can be reapplied by consumer 3 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering calendering a mechanical finish achieved by pressing fabrics between a series of 2 or more rollers (Called calendar rolls) to smooth fabric and/or create interesting surface effects (cheaper than trying to weave in surface effect) If it is applied to cellulosic fibers: limited durability unless chemical resin treated If it is applied to thermoplastic fibers: durable with heated rollers 4 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering Simple Calendering dampened cloth passed between heated rolls smooths, flattens, gives slight gloss 5 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering Schreinering 1. roll embossed with 250 fine diagonal lines per inch 2. flattens yarns Soft luster, soft hand Damask table linen, cotton sateen (#48 Cotton Sateen) Thermoplastic tricot 6 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering Glazing friction calender 1. starch (temporary) or resin (durable) 2. heated roller, slow moving fabric 3. highly glazed, polished surface results Chintz (#110 100% polished cotton) 7 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering Cir ing cir fabric High surface polish wet look natural fibers, rayon waxes thermoplastic resins heat sensitive synthetics fuse slightly with heat hydrophobic fibers some degree of water repellency 8 SURFACE FINISHES Calendering Embossing pressing a raised/lowered design on fabric...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course HUEC 2040 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 30

Chapter_24 - PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL FINISHES CHAPTER 24 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online