Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: Yarn Structures Yarn: long...

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Chapter 13: Yarn Structures Yarn: long continuous strand of short staple or long filament FIBERS yarns - common language for the global industry to describe textiles filament yarns monofilament yarns – single filament, limited use multifilament yarns – joining many filament fibers, more common, does not require much twist. texturing – modifies feel and bulk (can make yarn feel like staple length fibers or naturally occurring staple fibers) staple yarns made from staple length fibers all natural fibers are naturally staple length fibers except silk because silk is naturally a filament fiber cut or broken manufactured fibers or cut silk fiber or silk worm can break cocoon , creating short, staple length fibers more processing to twist staple length yarns = more expensive than filament yarns single yarn group of filament or staple fibers TWISTED together – simplest yarn ply yarn TWISTING together 2 or more SINGLE yarns cord yarn TWISTING together 2 or more PLY yarns ropes, cordage, sewing threads, decorative yarns in heavy-weight novelty fabrics *Stronger yarns must be the lengthwise yarns because they are pulled the tightest* *Weaker yarns can be crosswise*
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Types of yarns: simple yarn varying degrees of twist can be single, ply, or cord example: simple ply - novelty yarn complex yarn or fancy yarn not necessarily uniform in size or surface interesting decorative effects can be single, ply, or cord usually weaker than simple yarns (made simply to decorate) boucle’ yarn loop yarn- loops part of boucle’ a multi-ply yarn base yarn + effect yarn+ binding yarn
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course HUEC 2040 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: Yarn Structures Yarn: long...

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