Exam 4 Study Guide - Exam 4 Study Guide (Chapters 10, 11,...

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Exam 4 Study Guide (Chapters 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14) NOTE: PROFESSOR STATED THAT ITEMS IN PURPLE WILL BE ON THE EXAM. ITEMS IN RED ARE KEY TERMS. Chapter 10: Rules and Regulations Rationale - Scarcity Theory (Traditional Rationale) o Electromagnetic spectrum is a limited national resource o Spectrum is a public resource that should not be privately owned o Government reserves the right to give obligations and regulations to those allowed to broadcast - Pervasive Presence Theory (Recent Rationale) o TV and radio are so pervasive and potentially intrusive (much more so than print media) that the public needs some protection from unwanted or offensive messages o This theory is the basis for policies and court rulings—sets the foundational principles for protection from media intrusion Ex. Protection for kids and what they watch o The Supreme Court gives more leeway to print media because they aren’t as intrusive History: How did the government get involved in the first place? - Wireless Ship Act (1910) : Recap - large at-sea vessels must be equipped with wireless sets - Radio Act of 1912 : Recap - post-titanic regulation that required radio operators to get licenses from the Secretary of Commerce (assigned frequencies and hours of operation to prevent interference at sea, provided for the use of call letters) - In the 1920s, communication transformed from point-to-point into broadcasting and interference became a problem Radio Act of 1927 - Key points (based on scarcity theory): 1. Publics owns the electromagnetic spectrum (no private ownership of radio frequencies) 2. Radio stations must operate in the public interest 3. Censorship of broadcast programs is prohibited 4. Created the five-member Federal Radio Commission (FRC) which grants licenses, makes rules to prevent interference, and established coverage areas (subject to judicial review)
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Communications Act of 1934 - Superseded the 1927 Radio Act - Expanded FRC from 5-7 members and transformed the FRC into the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) (now includes wireless and telephone) - Bulk of 1927 legislation was included and strengthened in the Communications Act of 1934 - Important Sections: o Section 301: spectrum users must be licensed o 312: federal candidates must have access to facilities o 315: outlines the use of broadcast facilities for candidates (equal time section is important) o 326: FCC prohibited from censoring radio and TV programming - Remained a flexible and influential broadcasting law for nearly 70 years—amended and reshaped in response to problems and changing technology o Ex. 1959 - illegal to rig quiz shows o Ex. Communications Satellite Act - expanded regulatory powers of the FCC Ex. FFC regulation of cable (originally refused to regulate, then began to regulate, then came up with new set of rules favorable to cable) Reexamination - FCC abolished many of the regulations in 1980s - Congress extended the license terms for radio and TV and passed the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course TELE 3010 taught by Professor L.benjamin during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Exam 4 Study Guide - Exam 4 Study Guide (Chapters 10, 11,...

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