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Unformatted text preview: Heterotrophs: Nutrition and Digestion I) Heterotrophic Organisms a. require complex molecules a.i. Cant synthesize everything from basic elements b. Bulk Requirement b.i. Carbohydrates b.i.1. Energy Source b.i.2. Carbon Source b.i.2.a. Biosynthesis b.i.3. Essential Amino Acids (AAs) b.i.3.a. 8 in people cant make must eat in diet b.i.3.b. cant store AAs b.i.4. Essential Fatty Acids b.i.4.a. E.g. linoleic acid c. Vitamins c.i. Organic compound that we need c.i.1. Needed in small amounts c.i.2. Usually is to serve as a cofactor for enzyme (helps enzyme do its job c.i.3. Water-soluble (9) c.i.3.a. B1 c.i.3.a.i. c.i.3.b. B2 c.i.3.b.i. c.i.3.c. B3 c.i.3.c.i. c.i.3.d. B6 c.i.3.d.i. c.i.3.e. B5 c.i.3.e.i. c.i.3.f. B9 c.i.3.f.i. c.i.3.g. B23 c.i.3.g.i. c.i.3.h. Biotin c.i.3.h.i. c.i.3.i. C c.i.3.i.i. c.i.4. Fat-Soluble (4) c.i.4.a. Vitamin A c.i.4.a.i. Blindness and increased death rate c.i.4.b. Vitamin D d. Minerals d.i. Macro (7) Large amounts d.i.1. Na d.i.2. Cl d.i.3.d....
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- Spring '11