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lecture 9 - Cause(s of the movement External Factors o...

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Cause(s) of the movement External Factors o Wilsonian self-determination o Russian revolution of 1917 and Tokyo-based Korean students Internal Factors o Harsh “military rule” during 1910’s o Sudden death of Kojong and rumors of his poisoning by Japanese 1919 Funeral planned Rumors circulate that Japanese had something to do with his death o Anti-Japanese sentiment causing people to want to protest o Question of class status and consciousness o Focus on internal factors as post-1960’s nationalist corrective to colonialist view of externally driven movement Status of Movement Leaders o Despite weakness of leaders, they played positive roles in spurring movement o Forged coalition as representatives of people in spite of religious differences Role of General Relation to Leadership o Declaration of Independence and personal connections linked leaders to masses (even after their arrest), but religious organizations did not penetrate deeply at local level o
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