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F091ALLab06

F091ALLab06 - Physics 1A Introduction ENERGY ENERGY...

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Physics 1A ENERGY & ENERGY CONSERVATION Fall 2009 1 Ramp A start Ramp B start finish finish Introduction In this lab you will use conservation of mechanical energy to predict the motion of objects in situations that are difficult to analyze with force concepts. _____________________________________________________________________________ Prelab Activity: 1. A skier (whose mass is 65 kg) skis down a smooth (frictionless) ski slope, as shown in the diagram (which is not drawn to scale). The skier pushes off at the top with a speed of 5.0 m/s. If we define the absolute bottom of the slope to have zero gravitational potential energy, what is the gravitational potential energy of the skier (in Joules) when she is at the top of the slope (just before she pushes off)? What is the kinetic energy of the skier (in Joules) when she reaches the absolute bottom of the slope? 2. A 250 gram mass is placed on a horizontal spring. The spring has a spring constant k = 590 (N/m) and is at its equilibrium length. a) The spring is stretched so that it is 7.5 cm longer than its equilibrium length. How much elastic potential energy (in Joules) is stored in the spring now? b) Now the spring from part a) is released, what is speed of the mass as it passes through the equilibrium point ( x = 0)? 3. You release a frictionless cart at the top of each of the 2 ramps. On Ramp B, the cart is released from rest, but on Ramp A the cart is pushed at the top so that it has some initial velocity. The ramps have the same height as each other at the starting and finishing points. One has a small bump up then down just before the end. The other has a small bump down then up. Which cart has the larger speed at the finish? Why?

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F091ALLab06 - Physics 1A Introduction ENERGY ENERGY...

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