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VIEWS OF THE AMERICAN LANDSCAPE A Look at the Landscape Maps Scale - Area - Direction Map Scale - Graphic - Verbal - Representative Fraction (1:250,000; 1:1,000,000; 1:4,000,000) Large Scale = Smaller Area, More Detail, & Larger RF Number - Denominator Small Small Scale = Large area, Less Detail, Smaller RF Number - Denominator Large Hillocks - Hachures - Contour Lines Thematic Maps (Use symbols to show one class of geographical information) Mercator’s Projection (Cylindrical Projection) (First Published in 1569) » Alaska appears far larger than Mexico, whereas in fact Mexico is larger in land area Good’s Interrupted Projection Robinson Projection Continental Drift Pangaea (Supercontinent 225 Million Years Ago) San Andreas Fault Filoli Garden Continued Look at the Landscape Design Must Fit the Land Major Pierre L’Enfant - Washington D. C. 1791 Design With Land and Function Frederick Law Olmsted - Central Park (Greensward Plan) 1858 - World Columbia Exposition 1893 Andrew Jackson Downing Senator James McMillan 1901-02 Crosby Arboretum - Pinecote E. Fay Jones - Edward Blake Everglades National Park View by Physiography Physiography of any area represents the product of a host of processes that operate at or near the earth’s surface. (Landforms, Soils, Water Features,Vegetation, Related Resources) Physiographic: Region, Province*, Section Fall Line The Coastal Plain (Physiographic Province) Sections: North Atlantic, South Atlantic, Florida Peninsula, East Gulf Coast, Mississippi Embayment (Mississippi River Alluvial Plain), & West Gulf Coast Fall Line Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Everglades National Park, Atchafalaya New England (Physiographic Province) Battle of Lexington/Concord April 19,1775 – Minute-Man National Historical Park -1959 Physiography Continued Piedmont (Physiographic Province) Stone Mountain, GA. Charlottesville, VA
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University of Virginia Monticello Blue Ridge (Physiographic Province) Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Great Smoky Mountains National Park Shenandoah National Park Biltmore Estate - Asheville, NC Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903) - Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946) Ridge and Valley (Physiographic Province) Natural Bridge, Lake Champlain–Hudson River Appalachian Plateau (Physiographic Province) Catskills Physiography Continued Adirondacks (Physiographic Province) Forest Preserve 1882 Park (“Blue Line”) 1892 – NY. State Constitution “Forever Wild”, Article 14 1894 Interior Low Plateaus (Physiographic Province) Mammoth Cave Interior Highlands (Physiographic Province) Ozark Plateaus – Ouachita Mountains (Hot springs AK. 1832) Central Lowlands (Physiographic Province) University of Illinois (Shadow dictates place of library) Niagara Falls – Sand Counties (Baraboo, WI) Aldo Leopold – Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore – Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge Superior Uplands-Canadian Shield (Physiographic Province)
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