March24Lecture - 3-24-08 - American Indian...

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Unformatted text preview: 3-24-08 - American Indian EducationPrecolonial/Colonial Periods: Emphasis on Christianity and Civilizationo Goal to Christianize and Civilize nativeso 1536 - Spanish open Tlatelolco in Mexico City to educate local Indianso 1568 - Jesuits establish school in Havana for Florida Indianso 1616 - Pocahontas solicits funds for Indian Educationo 1636 - Harvard foundedo 1649 - founding of Society for spreading Gospel among Indianso 1650 - Harvard rewrites charter to include Indian educationo 1665 - Caleb Cheesehateaumuck 1st Indian to graduate from Harvard; dies shortly thereafterFederal Period: Emphasis on Vocational Trainingo Goal to assimilate through vocational trainingo 1780 - Washington and Jefferson advocate vocational training for IndiansSay learning classical Greek and other things not that useful for reservationso 1825 - Choctaw Academyo 1851 - Cherokee Male and Female Seminaries establishedo 1871 - Treaty period ends; 97 of 400 treaties include education provisionso 1879 - Pratt moves his industrial boarding school to Carlisle, PAFirst boarding school off a reservationPromoted school as "killing the Indian, saving the man"; killing off the native part of a persono Boarding SchoolsSkins were scrubbed with abrasives, bleached, hair cut to look more civilized and...
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March24Lecture - 3-24-08 - American Indian...

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