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March24Lecture - American Indian Education...

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3-24-08 - American Indian Education Precolonial/Colonial Periods: Emphasis on Christianity and Civilization o Goal to Christianize and Civilize natives o 1536 - Spanish open Tlatelolco in Mexico City to educate local Indians o 1568 - Jesuits establish school in Havana for Florida Indians o 1616 - Pocahontas solicits funds for Indian Education o 1636 - Harvard founded o 1649 - founding of Society for spreading Gospel among Indians o 1650 - Harvard rewrites charter to include Indian education o 1665 - Caleb Cheesehateaumuck 1st Indian to graduate from Harvard; dies shortly thereafter Federal Period: Emphasis on Vocational Training o Goal to assimilate through vocational training o 1780 - Washington and Jefferson advocate vocational training for Indians Say learning classical Greek and other things not that useful for reservations o 1825 - Choctaw Academy o 1851 - Cherokee Male and Female Seminaries established o 1871 - Treaty period ends; 97 of 400 treaties include education provisions o 1879 - Pratt moves his industrial boarding school to Carlisle, PA First boarding school off a reservation Promoted school as "killing the Indian, saving the man"; killing off the native part of a person o Boarding Schools
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  • Spring '08
  • weiner
  • Native Americans in the United States, vocational training, American Indian Education, indian education, Phoenix Indian School

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