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Unformatted text preview: Topic: Voice T Human Voice (voc): most natural instrument H soprano: upper register, highest female voice s alto: middle register, female voice a tenor: highest natural male voice t baritone: low tenor/light bass, male voice b Commonly not considered separate category of voice but is found in rock music r bass: lowest register, male voice b Timbre: the texture, quality of sound T Intonation: the art of being in tune I two types of poor intonation: t Flat: below the pitch of a note F Sharp: above the pitch of a note S If a singer is a little sharp in intonation it is easier on the ears than a flat intonation. i Vibrato: the quivering or wavering of a pitch, warms voice, adds a human element. Also be used by instruments A Can be used to cover poor intonation C Some singers can be identified by their vibrato style S Most singers/musicians use vibrato in their style M Falsetto: male technique of upper register singing- head tone, singing way up in the head- mainstay of R&R h African Roots A Call and Response: C technique between individual and group, (leader and congregation, voice and guitar, lead singer and back-up vocalists, soloist and rhythm section) r buzzing or roughing the sound b bent tones called "blue notes" b Blues: Vocal style and song form B original was a means of self expression for new African -American musicians Lyrics are poetic, words emphasized by blue notes with tension & release Acoustic Guitar (ac. guit) ("acoustic" refers to resonance in a sound chamber.) ( number one instrument of choice by self taught musician n acoustic guitars consist of 6 or 12 strings and hollow body a frets are the metal bars on the neck of acoustic guitars used as finger guides f acoustic guitar is a global instrument, also know as the Spanish, folk, or classical guitar g acoustic guitars dates back 5000 years to Egypt a popular in 16th century Europe p brought to rural America- used early in Country blues b Late '30s: primitive amplification of acoustic guitars L Late '40s: better amplified acoustic guitars L Early '50s: first solid-bodied electric guitars 1960s: acoustic guitar takes a back seat as the electric guitar assumes lead and solo guitar spots- acoustic guitar was used in the Folk Revival, and by R&R bands for rhythm and texture Continued use in C&W- also pedal steel guitar r 1970s: Acoustic guitars used in Art Rock, and some Hard Rock bands, while electric guitar still dominates 1980s: Acoustic guitars reemerges in unplugged sessions, alternative groups, and used on ballads for its unique sound Topic: Electric Guitar T Electric Guitar (el. guit. or elec. guit.) E has dominated the sound of Rock for 40 years h term electric guitar includes amplified acoustic guitar & solid body electric guitar g 6 or 12 strings 6 uses metal frets along neck of guitar as finger guides u History of solid bodied Electric Guitar: 1952- Les Paul- innovative guitarist worked on a solid bodied electric guitar 1 1954- Leo Fender- builds model for future R&R electric guitarists...
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- Spring '08