date_rape - "Date-Rape Drugs": A Growing Concern...

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"Date-Rape Drugs": A Growing Concern Susan A. Lyman, Carol Hughes-McLain, and Gerald Thompson Oneofthe most despicable actsagainst womenjustgot more despicable. The act is rape and the latest twist is known as "date-rape drugs:' "Date-rape drugs" have become a growingconcern to health educators and community educators. Thesedrugs have becomepopularamong adolescents and college students and are often used in combination with alcohol. They are inexpensive and easily avail- able. Educators. as well as students, need to become aware of the danger of the drugs known as "dal~-rape drugs."These drugs are being used to incapacitate women so they can besexually assaulted and in some cases to completely block the memory of the assault. Date rape cases are among tl':e most difficult cases to prove incounbecause the victim is the key. By robbing victimsoftheir memory and their ability to defend themselves, it has made a tough job of proving date rape even tougher (Manning, 1996). These drugs have become known as the modern version of the Mickey Finn, a drug once used to knock out sailors. In one instance. which involved a 17-year- old girl being administered the "date- rape drug" Gamma y-hydroxybutyrate. death was the final outcome. More than a hundred cases of the use of "date-rape drugs," specifically Gamma y- hydroxybutyrate, have been reponed re- cently in Texas, Florida, and California alone (Gonnan. 1996). The following infonnation focuses on three specific drugs that are commonly referred to as "date-rape drugs": SusanA. Lyman. Carol Hughes-McLain. and Gerald Thompson arewith the Uni- versity of Southwestern Louisiana. Lafayette. LA 70504. hydroxybutyrate. Rohypnol. and Ketamine Hydrochloride. The purpose ofthis investigation is to describethe uses andeffectsofthe"date- rape drugs" Gamma y-hydroxybutyrate, Rohypnol, and Ketamine Hydrochloride. Also presented are the ease of availabil- ity and the inexpensiveness of acquisi- tion. Enforcement surrounding these drugs is discussed. Gamma y-hydroxybutyrate A drug that recently has been referred to as a "date-rape drug" is Gamma y- hydroxybutyrate. known as GHB. Syn- onymsfor GHB are "Easy Lay," "Liquid X," "Grevious Bodily Harm," "Gook," and "Gamma 10." GHB is being called the"Mickey Finnofthe 90s." A"Mickey Finn" refers to the drug chloral hydrate that used to be added to alcohol to make victims pass out (Inciardi. 1977). GHB is odorless, tasteless, and can be made eas- ily at home in a chemistry lab. Instruc- tions can even be found in libraries or on the Internet. which may be onereason for the drug's recent rise in popularity. The whole idea of how effortless it is to obtain detailed instructions from the Internet on how to make GHB is stagger- ing. The recipe calls for an industrial solventandsodium hydroxide to bemixed together and cooked (Horswell. 1996).
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course MAFT 541 taught by Professor Davidp.altopp during the Fall '10 term at Ventura College.

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date_rape - "Date-Rape Drugs": A Growing Concern...

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