Course Hero Logo

System Disorder template(Heart Failure).pdf - ACTIVE...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 out of 1 page.

Unformatted text preview: ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATE: System Disorder Akugbe Uwaifo STUDENT NAME______________________________________ Heart Failure DISORDER/DISEASE PROCESS___________________________________________________________ REVIEW MODULE CHAPTER____________ Alterations in Health (Diagnosis) abnormal heart sounds, fluid buildup in abdomen and legs, Pathophysiology Related to Client Problem Heart failure, sometimes known as congestive heart failure, occurs when your heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, gradually leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Not smoking, control high blood pressure or diabetes, Staying physically active, Eating healthy foods, Maintaining a healthy weight, reduce and manage stress ASSESSMENT SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Risk Factors Expected Findings High blood pressure. Coronary artery disease. Heart attack. Diabetes. Some diabetes medications. Congenital heart defects. Valvular heart disease. Alcohol use. Tobacco use. Obesity. Irregular heartbeats. Laboratory Tests Blood tests Chest X-ray Electrocardiogram (ECG) Echocardiogram Stress test Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Coronary angiogram Myocardial biopsy Dyspnea. Fatigue and weakness. Edema. Rapid or irregular heartbeat. Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm. Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness. Chest pain if your heart failure is caused by a heart attack Diagnostic Procedures Doctor will take a careful medical history, review your symptoms and perform a physical examination. Your doctor will also check for the presence of risk factors, such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease or diabetes, listen to your lungs for signs of congestion. The stethoscope also picks up abnormal heart sounds that may suggest heart failure. The doctor may examine the veins in your neck and check for fluid buildup in your abdomen and legs. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE Nursing Care Monitor vital signs, monitor and treat for worsening of symptoms, adinister appropriate medications, educate patient. Therapeutic Procedures Adminstration of approriate medication. Invasive therapies for heart failure include electrophysiologic intervention such as cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), pacemakers, and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs); revascularization procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATES Monitor Your Blood Pressure Limit Liquids Reduce salt intake Take medication as directed Good sleep hygine Complications Medications Angiotensin-con verting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors Angiotensin II receptor blockers Beta blockers Diuretics Aldosterone antagonists Inotropes Digoxin (Lanoxin) Client Education Signs and symptoms contact doctor when if experience chest pain, fainting or severe weakness, rapid irregular heart beat. shortness of breath and coughing pink foamy mucus. Interprofessional Care primary care doctor, cardiologist, clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners and physician assistants, physical and occupational therapists, dietitians, mental health professionals, social workers and case managers, pharmacists Kidney damage or failure Heart valve problems Heart rhythm problems Liver damage ...
View Full Document

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture