components of a paper

components of a paper - Components of a Scientific Paper...

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Unformatted text preview: Components of a Scientific Paper Research Papers will contain all or most of the following sections. Be aware that journals may have specific guidelines regarding formatting and titles for published works. • Title • By-line and Affiliation • Abstract • Introduction • Experimental Method • Results • Discussion • Conclusion • Summary • Acknowledgements • References More detailed information can be obtained in the “ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors”, Janet S. Dodd, Ed. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. Most students learn to write in journal style by example. That is, by reading many journal articles and soaking up the language and style in published primary literature. Title The title should be a clear description of what is contained in the paper without being too lengthy. A title should be grammatically correct. Often times, titles are written last to most accurately reflect the contents. Avoid use of phrases/words such as: • “A Study of…” • “Research on …” • “A Report on…” • “Novel” • “New” • “Rapid” By-Line and Affiliation List all of the authors of the paper and their respective affiliations. The primary author (principle investigator, etc..) should be listed as the corresponding author. J.E. Scientist 1 , T.W. Technician 1* 1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9510 * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed Abstract The abstract is a brief (1 paragraph) summary of the entire article. It should be concise and accurately reflect the contents of the paper. List key results when appropriate. Typically 80-200 words in length. Present the problem, method or experimental basis, major finding and principal conclusion. Like the title, the abstract is often written last. Abstracts and Titles are key features used to index papers electronically. They should be accurate and contain information to attract readers. The abstract is often the first thing that readers look at. Introduction The introduction should clearly define the problem that is to be addressed and why it is important. A brief account of past work is presented along with an explanation of how your work ties-in with the past work of others. The introduction is typically less than three paragraphs and can be as short as one. The purpose is to provide a brief background to those not entirely familiar with the field of study. State what is different about your work. Often the section title “Introduction” is omitted – depends on the journal. Experimental Methods This section describes the procedures used to conduct your research....
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components of a paper - Components of a Scientific Paper...

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