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Unformatted text preview: Early forms of poetry existed in China, Japan, and Korea. And among them Chinese poetry is the oldest. There are two classical collections in Chinese poetry, the “classic of Odes” and “Song of Chu.” Shijing is “classic of odes” and also called as “Book of Songs.” It contains 350 songs (poems) composed in old language from Zhou Dynasty. It includes some folk songs from various feudal states and songs used by aristocrats for sacrificial ceremonies and court ceremonies. The four categories are Airs of the States (160, fork songs), Lessor Odes(74, sung at court festivities),Greater Odes(31, dynastic legend), and Hymns(40, sung at significant ceremonies). This poetry is very rhythmical because they were associated with songs and singing. The most common form of poetry had three stanzas with repetition in the first two, had four syllables per line, and had repetition vocabulary from stanza to stanza. It appeals to imagination (big rat, north wind), emotional response, and senses. Confucius admired gentle and sincere attitude of these songs. • Confucius o admired gentle and sincere attitude of these songs didn’t go to extremes sexual love – not sensual complaints – not sharp, not disrespectful o benefit: can provide us with experience and knowledge that we may not have • without knowledge of these poems, we cannot speak (can’t cite to represent feelings, etc.) heighten powers of inspiration 1) excite imagination • influence our will 2) heighten powers of observation • look at the world with new eyesight • reflects real life in society we can be aware of rise and fall of custom, successes and failures of government 3) improve our sociability • help people link emotion to one another • encourage one another • singing poems together 4) teach us to express resentment • criticize administrative affairs • resentment of tyranny o emphasis on society and government o poetry – pouring out of human heart; react with feelings poetry is the destination of sentiment (feelings & thought) o music of well-ruled ages – harmonious o music of dying country – mournful o former kings and sages used poetry to control wife, etc. etc… transform custom o 3 techniques 1) straight description • e.g. hymns 2) metaphor • e.g. rat – greedy official (satire) 3) inspiration • something in nature reminds us of something...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course EALC 110 taught by Professor Hayden during the Fall '10 term at University of Southern Maine.
- Fall '10