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1.6 - 1.6 The Trojan War Facts and Fictions Story of the...

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1.6 The Trojan War: Facts and Fictions Story of the Trojan War ancient accounts of the war Homeric Iliad and Odyssey, other early Greek epics Traditional oral poetry written down after 800 BCE Regional, local, family traditions Art: popular subject for vase paintings identification of Troy NE Aegean Linear B: no mention of Troy (or other sites outside Greece) Epic geography: loose but close enough Site occupied through Bronze Age o Destroyed repeatedly, unoccupied appr1000-750 o Early iron Age Greek settlers identify site with Troy causes (Zeus) desires to reduce human population, power recurrent theme (Mesopotamian creation, Noah in Genesis) means: cause destructive wars Judgment of Paris (Helen, Athena, Hera, Aphrodite) aka Alexander, son of Trojan king Priam setting: wedding of Achilleus’ parents (Peleus & Thetis) o Zeus sends goddess Eris (Strife) to cause conflict (apple) Paris decides for Aphrodite, who promises Helen Helen: wife of Spartan king Menelaos Menelaos & brother Agamemnon gather Greek army o Sail to Troy to retrieve Helen Helen = “face that launched a thousand ships” Greek combatants (Agamemnon, Menelaos, Achilleus, Odysseus, Nestor, Diomedes) last generation of heroes theme Trojans (Priam, Hektor, Aineias, allies) People of Troy (aka llion) o Supported by regional allies (Lycians, Dardanians etc.) o
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