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2.5 - 2.5 The Ancient Greek polis Greek Polis Origins...

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2.5. The Ancient Greek polis Greek Polis: Origins - - Uniquely Greek form of government emerges during Archaic period Necessary Conditions o Requirements: differentiation of labor; surpluses for trade; free time o Similar conditions across Greece > formation of similar institutions o Critical moment: 8th century (800-700 BCE, “Greek Renaissance”) The Greek Polis: Community - - Population: ~500 to a few hundred thousand; most a few thousand Central community + outlying countryside (chora) o Synoecism (syn “together” + oikos “house”): political unification o Self-governing (domestic policy) § Various forms: oligarchy, monarchy, democracy, mixture § Geographic determinism: land fosters self-sufficiency The Greek Polis: Physical features - Defining architectural features (archaeologically recoverable) o Walls: encircle community o Temples: monumental public buildings o Agora: public space for assembly, commerce The Greek Polis: Institutions - Basic terms o Dêmos – citizen body (entire population)
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