3.6 - prologue parodos episodes exodos The Big Three...

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3.6. CLASSICAL GREEK LITERATURE: DRAMA Drama: performance of tragedies and comedies during festivals of Dionysos varieties of drama in poleis Athenian drama Dionysos symbols bacchants/maenads famil Tragedy ( tragoidia “goat song”) origins in ritual songs for Dionysos (dithyramb) early examples from northern Peloponnesos (Corinth, Sikyon) and colonies (Sicily) dialogue between chorus and leader Athenian tragedy establishment evolution Comedy ( komos , band of revelers origins in ritual skits for Dionysos (dress as animals, satyrs) early examples from same region as dithyramb (Sikyon, Megara, Sicily) Athenian comedy Old Comedy (5th century) Middle Comedy (4th century) New Comedy (late 4th century on) performance festivals (Athens): City Dionysia, Rural Dionysia, Lenaia composers, performers chorus actors meter and dialect: actors vs. chorus attendance: capacity of theater; composition of audience (?) stagecraft theaters masks stage machinery
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Unformatted text preview: prologue parodos episodes exodos The Big Three Tragedians Aischylos (Aeschylus), 525-456: earliest complete plays surviving; wrote about 90 plays innovations: actors, role of chorus, trilogy format (3 thematically linked plays + satyr play) themes: divine justice, tyranny vs. democracy The Persai (Persians) by Aischylos earliest surviving complete play (472) context plot perspective effects themes ( hybris – ate – nemesis cycle) Sophocles (ca. 495-405) innovations: actors, role of chorus, trilogy format, painted scenery themes: individual vs. society [Dillon 4.69] Euripides (ca. 480-406) innovations: diminishes role of chorus, psychological realism themes: human suffering, limitations of traditional religion, gender [Dillon 4.70-71], tragicomedy Lysistrata by Aristophanes Aristophanes of Athens [Dillon 16.13] context (Peloponnesian War) comedic inversion plot: sex strike effects perspectives gender war...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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3.6 - prologue parodos episodes exodos The Big Three...

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