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Unformatted text preview: 3.7. THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR The Road Back to War problems with the Thirty-Year Peace of 446 Sparta Athens provocative acts by Athens (430s) Corcyra and Epidamnos roles of Corinth and Athens Potidaia [Dillon 3.56] roles of Corinth and Athens Megara: Athenian ban & appeal to Sparta The Archidamian War (431-421 BCE) Spartan general Archidamos leading Spartan general in 430 -420s he was inittally opposes going to war then invades Attika repeatedly outbreak of war failed negotiations= Athens refuses to give up the empure Thebes vs. Plataia (431) Spartan controles thebes attacks an Athenian ally Platia leads to war strategy of Perikles [Dillon 13.5] relys on fleet & walls, abandon the countryside to Spartan raids justification of policy -= Funeral Oration of Perikles (download; Pomeroy pp. 228-229) commemorating dead in 1 st year of war circumstances- Plague of Athens o Almost inevitably the effect of concentrating populations within walls o Massive casualties including death of perikles - Kleon becomes the leading Athenian politician o Member of recently wealthy family (tanners) effect of democracy o Hated by Thucydides and Aristophanes , though policies like perikles jury pay no compromise with Sparta revolt of Mytilene (428-7) [Dillon 13.9] how far will democracy go? Typical situation= democratic vs. aristocratic actions role of Sparta= again fauls to aid polic trying to break away fro athrns debate at Athens:- roles of Kleon vs Diodotos, on how to punish mylentine - outcome of leniency ? outcome of leniency ?...
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- Fall '07