4.5 - 5. Ancient Greek Science & Medicine Ancient Greek...

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Ancient Greek Science definition of science= knowledge based on observation and experimentation up to Hellenistic period empirical (based on experience):discoveries and methods ex calendar (agriculture, religion), mechanics, mathematics (building): architecture and ship building influence of neighboring cultures especially Eqypt and Babylon philosophy: theories of knowledge, the universe Aristotle of Macedon (4th century BCE) science as a distinct field (natural Philospohy collection and classification of evidence observation over experimentation preservation of knowledge establishes a school Hellenistic period Methods: building on Aristotle Collection, classification: limited experimentation ( controlled variables ect ) Alexander’s Empire : exposure to new ideas and regions technologies Eukleides (Euclid) (3rd century BCE): mathematics wrote the Elements - Probably associates with alexandria - Works: numbr theory geometry (plane, conics ) - Applied math optics, astronomy Archimedes of Syracuse (3rd century BCE): applied science
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4.5 - 5. Ancient Greek Science & Medicine Ancient Greek...

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