4.6 - 6 The Byzantine Empire The Roman Empire Divided pax...

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6. The Byzantine Empire The Roman Empire Divided pax Romana = means roman peace 1 st and 2 nd centuries CE/Ad period of relative peace and stability from Spain to Syra Roman citizenship – extended Hellenization= ethnic greek and Hellenized communites across Empire crisis in 3rd century CE causes - Pressure from Barbarians on northern and western frontiers - Administrative problems: size, cultural differences emperor Diocletian (rules 284-305) he stablaized it co rulers govern latin west and greek east divided empire (Latin West / Greek East) Constantine (272-337 CE) roman emperor 312-37 inherits Diocletian’s system (312 CE) becomes sole ruler based in East disparity between East & West: culture, economy, vulnerability Constantinople (“Constantine’s polis”) Colonized by Greeks in 700 BCE ~arena during pelloponesian War Under Roman control form 2 nd century BCE (re)founded as Constantinople (324 CE)
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4.6 - 6 The Byzantine Empire The Roman Empire Divided pax...

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