Early Mycenaeans - Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the Bronze...

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Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the Bronze Age (BA) Greeks Heinrich Schliemann: German businessman (outside academy_ Learns ancient Greek: literalistic view of Homeric poetry Beginning 1870, digs at Troy, Mycenae Names BA Greek culture “Mycenaean’s” - Methods Before scientific archaeology Question of Schliemann’s integrity Mycenaeans – earliest (?) Greek-speakers in Greece, Crete Main sites: Mycenae, Pylos, Knossos, Sparta, Athens, Eleusis, Argos, thebe Civilization follows cues from Minoans, Egypt, Near East Build palaces, adopt Minoan Technologies, culture Rough timeline of Mycenaean civilization 2000:arrival of Greek-speakers in Greece (?) 1500: cities, monumental architecture (Shaft Graves) 1400: Greeks take over Minoan palaces (?) By 1100: complete collapse of Mycenaean civilization Larger issues: how do we define and identify peoples? Physical characteristics (highly subjective) Material culture Technology: crops, tools, domesticated animals, literacy etc. Goods: pottery weapons, toys, etc.
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Early Mycenaeans - Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the Bronze...

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