Dreas Greece Notes

Dreas Greece Notes - Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the...

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Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the Bronze Age (BA) Greeks Heinrich Schliemann: German businessman (outside academy_ Learns ancient Greek: literalistic view of Homeric poetry Beginning 1870, digs at Troy, Mycenae Names BA Greek culture “Mycenaean’s” - Methods Before scientific archaeology Question of Schliemann’s integrity Mycenaeans – earliest (?) Greek-speakers in Greece, Crete Main sites: Mycenae, Pylos, Knossos, Sparta, Athens, Eleusis, Argos, thebe Civilization follows cues from Minoans, Egypt, Near East Build palaces, adopt Minoan Technologies, culture Rough timeline of Mycenaean civilization 2000:arrival of Greek-speakers in Greece (?) 1500: cities, monumental architecture (Shaft Graves) 1400: Greeks take over Minoan palaces (?) By 1100: complete collapse of Mycenaean civilization Larger issues: how do we define and identify peoples? Physical characteristics (highly subjective) Material culture Technology: crops, tools, domesticated animals, literacy etc. Goods: pottery weapons, toys, etc. Space: public/private, sacred/profane, etc. Language: assumption hat shared language is equal to a shared culture Spain and South America = very different Waves of people in Greece: earliest examples Petralona: earliest evidence of hominids (before 200,00 BP) Franchthi: earliest evidence of burials (appr. 10,000 BCE) First direct evidence of Greek-speakers: Bronze Age (BA) Mycenaean documents Material culture suggests continuity with Early-Middle BA Indo-European hypothesis: invaders from SE Europe take over Problems: lack of clear material (archaeological) evidence Alternative: language-farming hypothesis Early Bronze Age isolated farming villages (3000-2000 BCE) Example: Lerna (near later Argos) Resemble later Cretan, Greek settelments In terms of space and technolog “House of Tiles”: 2-storey, tile roof, multiple rooms Excess storage capacity Significance Middle Bronze Age (MBA) expansion (2000-1600 BCE) Increase in populations
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Integration into Mediterranean trade network Emergence of durable regional powers Relationship between Pre-Mycenaeans and Mycenaeans Artificial divisions (limited usefulness of terms like “Bronze Age”) Mycenaeans may represent latter phase of MBA expansion (rather than Indo-European invaders Late Bronze Age Greece (1600-1100 BCE) Main sites: Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, Thebes, Athens Pre-Palatial Mycenae In northeast Peloponnese relationship to other sites unclear The Glory That Was Greece: Lecture Outlines for Part I (The Earliest Greeks) 1.1 Ancient Greece in Context Greece and the Mediterranean location and physical geography natural resources crops and livestock neighbors Pre-Historical Context 4-300,000 BP (Before Present): earliest evidence of hominid activity in Greece 200,000-40,000 BP (Middle Palaeolithic): Neanderthals in Europe; earliest burials in Greece 100-40,000: emergence of MODERN HUMANS (Cro-Magnons) 40,000-13,000 BP (Upper Palaeolithic): last Ice Age; HUNTING CULTURE
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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Dreas Greece Notes - Early Mycenaeans Discovery of the...

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