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Unformatted text preview: Greece Notes August 31 2011 - The End of the Mycenean World - Late Bronze Age Collapse o 1300- 1100 BCE generalized collapse across eastern Mediterranean Egypt: end of the New Kingdom (around 1200) o Records of invasions of Sea Peoples o Mesopotamia:end of the middle Babylonian Empire- Hittites: end of empire inscriptions cease abruptly in 1205 capital of Hattusas destroyed o Elsewhere Cyprus Syria ssyria Palestine israle and Greece o Waves of refugees destabilize interstate relationships trade networks And this leads to widespread unrest for several generations o Shift of mycenean activity to the east o More defensive network o Less work on palace buildings o Garaves few precious objects o Use of short stout bladed swords o Athens, Tiryns water supply fortified isthmus fortifies o Mycenae: shaft graves covered - Gradual series of destructive events at most palace sites (besides Athens) o Generally : west to east across Peloponnese north up Aegean o Examples: Plos: supplies to watchers on the coast (written in linear B ) Thought this meant that they were trying to stave ff people from the north and protect the palace whch was up there o Mycenae:granary destroyed by fire around 1150 o This is all a gradual thing its not a bunch of people coming in and taking over were talking about a time frame of a couple centuries as things got worse and worse - Less evidence of destruction on Crete o Cyprus: attacked ca. 1200 but relatively unscathed o Outpost site of renewal for Hellenic culture (refugees) o Persistence of the Bronze Age pottery styles as on Crete Elsewhere those type of high value pottery here which is different because everywhere else it was taken o Reacquisition on technologies after LBA collapse - Possible causes / contributing factors o Collapse of neighboring states If one collapses the whole neighborhood goes down o Invasion from outside greece o Civil unrest o Natural forces - Consequences for he collapse for greeve o 50-90% decrease in population in mainland Greece o Number of inhabitants sites decline drastically ~320 to ~40 o Larger sites : some disappear (pylos )...
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- Fall '07